A mammogram is an x-ray picture of the breast used to determine whether any abnormalities exist. We offer state-of-the-art 2D and 3D (tomosynthesis) mammography in our cadre of available testing procedures for patients. 3D is the most advanced mammographic technology available today, allowing the radiologist to view the breast tissues in depth of 1 mm thin segments – like turning the pages of a book. With tomosynthesis, significantly more pre-cancers and cancers can be found earlier and with greater accuracy, and there is less need for additional views or recalls for findings that are benign. In both 2D and 3D mammography, the compression of the breast is the same. Technically for the patient, the only difference between 2D and 3D is that with 3D mammography, the x-ray tube sweeps over the breast for a couple of seconds. Tomosynthesis has proven to be far superior to 2D in the detection of breast abnormalities, and even though the radiation dose with 3D is slightly higher than with 2D alone, it is well within the allowable standards given by the American College of Radiology.
All results are discussed with the patient by the radiologist at the time of the study and communicated to the referring physician.
Digital Mammography Screening
A screening mammogram is performed yearly in healthy women starting at age 40. Two images using the 2D modality or three images using the 3D technology of each breast are obtained if no abnormalities are identified. A physician’s referral is not required.
Digital Mammography Diagnostic
A diagnostic mammogram is performed for any of the following reasons: a palpable lump, thickening, nipple discharge, focal pain in the beast, a recall from abnormal screening, an early follow-up (less than 1 year) of a prior abnormal mammogram, or personal history of breast cancer. In a diagnostic mammogram, the radiologist will direct the technologist as to the views needed.